In the first half of 2015, the Anhui Provincial Federation of Trade Unions issued its “Notice on skills training projects for employment promotion and skills improvement”. This announced the decision to carry out training projects in mining enterprises in the cities of Huainan and Huaibei with a view to improving trade unions’ performance in meeting the demands of mining enterprises and workers, promoting the transformation of business structures and production modes, and ensuring a stable mining workforce and harmonious labour relationships.
The training projects include, first, providing skills training to promote employment. In addition to organizing job fairs to meet the demands of employees laid off from mining enterprises and match them to the job market, they will collaborate with qualified skills training schools and occupational training providers to provide free training for laid-off employees, encouraging them to open up to new possibilities of improving their employability, thus meeting the objective that at least 70% of them will be re-employed. Second, they will provide training to improve capabilities. Training classes, apprenticeships and skills contests will be organized in mining enterprises to encourage employees to learn new knowledge and skills, foster a knowledgeable, skilful and innovative high-quality workforce, and strengthen corporate capability in terms of independent innovation and risk resistance, so as to achieve the objective of at least 80% of trained employees being accredited with higher-level skills qualifications. Having arranged special funds for the implementation of the projects, the Federation has called on the Huainan and Huaibei Municipal Federations of Trade Unions to supplement the funding on a one-to-one basis.
The Notice requires all mining enterprises to introduce innovations in their training methods and refine the content by offering such services as short-term training, on-the-job exercises, apprenticeships, online education and menu-based training, emphasizing training on skills, labour regulations, work safety, energy saving and reduced emissions, as well as other laws and regulations so as to enable their employees to learn new knowledge and skills. It also requires that steps be taken to apply for government subsidies on occupational training and job services and expand the coverage of skills training for employment promotion, while mining enterprises should make full use of the funding for staff education and training, particularly for frontline workers. Incentives should be introduced for staff training, and employees’ participation in it should be highlighted in their employment, promotion, professional qualification accreditation and work rewards.