The Ningbo Municipal Federation of Trade Unions is working to refine the management of collective wage bargaining at the enterprise level, aiming to make it more pragmatic and targeted, together with a more standardized workers’ congress system, more active and extensive participation by employees in corporate management and more tangible results.
Expand the scope of collective wage bargaining through the “1+x” model. “1” refers to the scope of bargaining based on the pay systems of enterprises as a whole, including pay levels, unit prices, etc., while “x” refers to supplementary bargaining based on the specific conditions of individual business operations so as to ensure the practicality and distinctiveness of the collective contract.
Standardize the bargaining process by focusing on eight procedures. These comprise the appointment of representatives, formulation of demands, preparations, the bargaining itself, review of the outcome, signature, filing and adoption. With the pay system as the focus, enterprises should make progress on such aspects as labour quotas, unit prices, pay levels and adjustment margins, so as to establish rational wage adjustment mechanisms.
Expand in a multidimensional manner and improve the quality of industrial bargaining. First, reach out to more industries, so that those with regional features and favourable conditions can be gradually brought on board based on current industrial collective bargaining practice. Second, achieve penetration at different levels, starting with industrial collective wage bargaining at rural township level, exploring the establishment of a multilayered bargaining system encompassing municipal, district and rural township (urban neighbourhood community) levels and continuously refining the management of industrial collective wage bargaining. Third, integrate industrial collective wage bargaining with the industrial workers’ congress, giving each the platform to promote the establishment and development of the other.
Strengthen training and guidance services by providing menu-based bargaining guidance. The aim is to improve the training services provided by the trade unions at the county, industrial park, industrial and rural township (urban neighbourhood community) levels. The union officials and part-time advisers in charge of collective bargaining work at the different levels should attend training at least once a year. The federations of trade unions at the rural township (urban neighbourhood community) level should provide training for the chief representatives on both sides in the enterprises within their jurisdiction, and press enterprises to offer training to employee representatives. In consideration of the specifics of enterprises, they should be provided with menu-based services and tailored guidance so as to ensure compliance with the requirement to refine the subject, process and contents of bargaining.
Set examples and promote them, emphasizing their exemplary role. To refine the management of bargaining, efforts should be made to develop competent enterprises into role models. Work should go into identifying the enterprises that exemplify good bargaining practices and recognizing them with municipal prizes for harmonious labour relationships, helping them continue to fine-tune their bargaining methods and collating and promoting best practice to highlight their exemplary role.