The All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) has formulated its plan to further promote collective bargaining with a view to protecting the legitimate rights and interests of workers and facilitating harmonious and stable labour relations.
The plan is inspired by the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, and the important speeches of President Xi Jinping. It is based on the decision of the 16th National Congress of the ACFTU to "continue to promote collective bargaining for wider coverage and better effect". The aim is threefold:
to give full play to the fundamental role of collective bargaining in adjusting labour relations,
to enhance the quality of collective bargaining and the effectiveness of collective agreements,
to further strengthen confidence, build consensus and overcome difficulties in collective bargaining work.
The 2011-2013 ACFTU Plan on Promoting Collective Bargaining (ACFTU  No. 4) had expanded the coverage of collective bargaining. However, there are still problems in the collective bargaining process: inadequate participation of workers, emphasis on formalities rather than actual effects, lack of specific content, unsatisfactory outcome of collective agreements and so on. It is therefore necessary to form a support system and efficient mechanism for collective bargaining which, with the full participation of workers, can yield real benefits for them. In this way, more and more workers will be able to feel satisfied with the results of collective bargaining; while trade unions can integrate the promotion of enterprise development with safeguarding workers'rights, thus helping workers to achieve decent and enjoyable work as well as comprehensive development.
Maintain and expand the coverage of collective bargaining to cover over 80% of unionized enterprises and over 90% of unionized companies with more than 100 employees.
Improve the quality of collective bargaining with specific bargaining content, regulated bargaining procedures, adequate consultation, full compliance with collective agreements, and effective results; and steadily improve worker satisfaction with collective bargaining and collective agreements by ensuring that more than 70% of workers are able to participate and more than 90% of workers are well informed.
Expand the numbers of collective bargaining instructors. Trade unions should employ at least 180,000 of these, of whom 10,000 work full-time, so as to build a team of collective bargaining specialists.
Increase training on collective bargaining skills. Trade unions at all levels should organize training programmes for members involved in collective bargaining together with collective bargaining instructors, with 240,000 participants every year. These programmes should include ACFTU training of trainers, with 600 participants. Each provincial federation of trade unions (FTU) should train no fewer than 300 participants; each municipal FTU, no fewer than 200 participants; and each county FTU, no fewer than 60 participants. By expanding the scale and raising the level of training, we can enhance the capacity of the trade unionists involved in collective bargaining as well as the instructors concerned.