Select different types of best practice in collective bargaining at various levels. We should select 20 cases of sector-wide collective bargaining at different levels having influence in China and abroad, as well as 60 cases of enterprise bargaining and 10 of regional bargaining with outstanding results and wide influence. Over the next five years, moreover, 100 cases of best collective bargaining practice should be selected at sector level, 300 at enterprise level and 50 at regional level, to provide guidance to collective bargaining nationwide.
Raise quality and achieve effectiveness. Trade unions should bear in mind the quality of collective bargaining and the effectiveness of collective agreements in the process of further promoting collective bargaining while integrating quantity with quality, and coverage with effectiveness.
Forge synergies from the bottom up by placing more emphasis on grassroots unions, whose own efforts should be stepped up. We should improve the collective bargaining system and mechanism to mobilize and motivate grassroots unions while creating structures for positive interaction, with grassroots unions bargaining actively backed up by higher-level unions providing guidance and support services.
Place reliance on workers to benefit workers. Full worker participation in the bargaining process will provide impetus for further promoting collective bargaining. We should enable workers to exercise their right to participate and enlarge the scope of their participation. In this way, collective agreements will be a true reflection of their will and their demands and they will enjoy their fair share of the fruits of economic and social development.
Build consensus and create a facilitating environment. We should step up positive advocacy and guidance, forge support within public opinion, and develop a general consensus that labour relations conflicts can be resolved through collective bargaining.
Demanding collective bargaining
Joint action. Provincial FTUs should coordinate their demands for collective bargaining more effectively. Similarly, municipal and county FTUs should develop plans of action for the campaign and organize regular action every year, with launch ceremonies or mobilization meetings. If conditions permit, provincial FTUs can either organize such action themselves or urge the provincial tripartite partners to do so on a joint basis.
Diversified forms of action. FTUs should combine joint action with a flexible approach to raising their demands. Besides organizing joint action, they should also encourage grassroots unions to address more specific demands for collective bargaining to employers or employers'organizations at appropriate times in a diversified manner according to the situation in the enterprise, sector or region concerned. Special demands can be formulated targeting key sectors, key regions, state-owned enterprises, or non-unionized Global 500 multinationals in China.
Regulated procedures. Trade unions at the higher level should provide guidance to grassroots unions and help them to exercise their right to make their demands in accordance with the law, urging employers or employers'organizations to respond to these demands and provide information related to collective bargaining. If grassroots unions have difficulties in raising demands, trade unions at the higher level can represent them. If employers or employers'organizations fail to respond in time or refuse collective bargaining, trade unions at the higher level should issue notices of correction or meet their representatives to urge them to enter into bargaining. If they make no correction before a set deadline, trade unions at the higher level should ask the labour authorities to issue an order for correction within a time limit.