Sector-wide collective bargaining
Identify representatives for collective bargaining. Sector-wide collective bargaining is regarded as the main objective of further promoting collective bargaining. In township (community) and industrial parks, where small and medium-sized enterprises are clustered, we should accelerate the organizing of sectoral unions and explore ways to establish them that conform to the conditions and requirements of collective bargaining in the sectors concerned. Where there is no sectoral union, trade unions at a higher level can represent the workers or help grassroots unions to identify representatives for sector-wide collective bargaining. If conditions allow, efforts can be made to establish employers?organizations as a counterpart to sectoral union organizations according to the requirements of collective bargaining.
Add specific content and extend the scope of sector-wide collective bargaining. The central content of sector-wide collective bargaining should encompass the issues that workers most care about, such as sector-wide minimum wage standards, basic overtime pay, pay rises, workload and forms of payment. Standards for such aspects as the wage distribution system, the basic wage and wage coefficients should be decided through bargaining by occupation and by job. Depending on the situation of enterprises within each sector, sector-wide collective bargaining may gradually cover issues such as occupational health and safety, protecting the special rights of women workers, vocational and skills training, and workers?participation in enterprises?secondary distribution chain. We should encourage more specific second-tier collective bargaining in enterprises of a certain scale to set higher wages and lower workloads than in sector-wide agreements.
Expand coverage of sector-wide bargaining. While further promoting sector-wide collective bargaining in labour-intensive sectors such as construction, mining and catering services, we should gradually reach out to emerging sectors, knowledge-intensive enterprises and public institutions with corporate management. Sector-wide collective bargaining should be introduced in all sectors that that have favourable conditions and a good foundation in regions below county level. Where conditions permit, sector-wide collective bargaining could also be explored at county level or above.
Participate in defining sector-wide workload standards. FTUs and industrial unions at all levels should work with relevant government departments and employers?organizations to define fair and rational workload standards applicable to sectors and make timely adjustments through study and analysis, scientific estimation and pilot programmes; and gradually establish a calculation, publication and administration system of integrated, authoritative and regulated workload standards for the different sectors.
Role of industrial unions. Industrial unions at various levels should fully use the advantages that come from clear understanding of the features of labour relations in their sectors plus close contact with workers. They should analyse macroeconomic policies related to their industries or sectors, study the work of collective bargaining there, and work with industrial associations to produce guidance and policy measures on issues including wages and benefits in those sectors. FTUs at the different levels should increase their support to industrial unions in providing policy consultation, allocating resources, and training personnel for those unions, creating favourable conditions for them to work effectively.