Raising quality of collective bargaining in enterprises
Elect collective bargaining representatives. We should improve the democratic election of workers'representatives for collective bargaining, and ensure that they are courageous enough to speak up for the workers. We should optimize the representative structure and build a strong team that is representative, professional and complementary. Trade unions at the higher level should build relevant mechanisms to protect and support trade union leaders and workers'representatives.
Enhance the relevance of collective agreements. Collective bargaining in enterprises should aim to resolve the most significant problems of concern to workers and tackle general and concrete issues with practicable measures. Issues for bargaining and the contents of collective agreements may vary for workers in different categories or positions according to their specific demands. Special attention should be paid to safeguarding the rights of and standards for frontline workers, rural migrant workers and dispatched workers.
Ensure workers'full participation in collective bargaining. Enterprise unions should encourage workers to participate throughout the bargaining process. Before bargaining, unions should clearly understand what workers want, and their demands should focus on the problems that most workers care about. During the bargaining process, unions should keep workers informed about its progress and ask for their opinions and suggestions. Once the collective agreement is concluded, unions should submit it to the workers'assembly or congress for consideration and adoption in accordance with the law. After its adoption, unions should report to the workers'assembly or congress on implementation.
Use expertise to facilitate collective bargaining. The system has been established to engage professionals in collective bargaining. Enterprise unions should make full use of the system and invite relevant experts and full-time instructors to provide guidance and help them to collect and analyse data, provide training to bargaining representatives, give advice about internal coordination of opinions among workers, resolve difficult problems and draft agreements.
Follow-up of collective agreements
Tracking system. Provincial FTUs should support and guide municipal and county FTUs in establishing and improving their database of collective agreements, using real names and a monitoring system to track and follow up the signing of and compliance with collective agreements.
Innovative forms of supervision. FTUs should provide guidance to grassroots unions to help them improve working mechanisms and explore innovative ways of mobilizing workers to participate in overseeing compliance with collective agreements by establishing workers'compliance monitoring groups, organizing inspections by workers'representatives and field visits by collective bargaining instructors, and reporting on compliance to the workers'congress.
Support from social partners. FTUs should seek to include compliance with collective agreements in the inspections by the people' congress and the political consultative conference as an important part of law enforcement inspection. They should also urge labour administration departments to compile details of compliance with collective agreements in the labour inspection and corporate compliance database, and regard it as a precondition for various awards. If an employer refuses to comply with a collective agreement without legitimate grounds, unions should ask the labour administration department for a settlement while at the same time exploring other means such as publicizing the case among the population at large in order to force the employer to respect the collective agreement.