Extend training to cover more groups. While strengthening training for trade unionists at all levels, as well as for collective bargaining instructors and workers?bargaining representatives, FTUs should actively encourage party schools and administrative institutes at all levels to include collective bargaining in their training curricula in order to enable party and government officials to gain a better understanding and recognize the importance of collective bargaining. FTUs should take full advantage of the platform offered by the tripartite coordination mechanism for labour relations to organize joint training programmes for relevant officials of government departments, staff of employers?organizations and enterprise managers.
Use innovative training methods. While allowing the China Institute of Industrial Relations and provincial trade union schools to function fully as the main training channels, we should also work with universities and institutions of higher education as an auxiliary force in training. Training courses should have a mixture of participants selected by unions together with voluntary participants; and we should explore different forms of training such as lecture tours and use of the internet, and integrate theoretical teaching with practical exercises, organizing activities such as on-site observation, case studies and simulation.
Improve training management. We should create an orderly and effective training management system with a clear mandate, and integrate examination and evaluation into the training. Training institutions at various levels should issue certification to those who have participated and passed the final examination. We should build a training database for trade unionists and collective bargaining instructors, with archives of assessment records and related information. Trade unions at the higher levels should ensure that completing training tasks and improving training quality are included in their subordinates?work evaluation.
Foster good practices
Encourage collective bargaining best practice at all levels. FTUs and industrial (sectoral) unions at the various levels should go into workplaces to provide guidance or directly participate in bargaining, and foster good practices. The ACFTU will select three cases of sector-wide bargaining, three of enterprise bargaining and one of regional bargaining as good examples each year, and carry out field research and guidance. The national industrial unions should find more than two good examples of sector-wide collective bargaining each year. Provincial, municipal and county FTUs should find at least two cases of sector-wide bargaining, two of enterprise bargaining and one of regional bargaining as good examples. The relevant departments of FTUs should strengthen communication and collaboration with the corresponding industrial unions to identify good collective bargaining practice.
Summarize successful experiences. FTUs at all levels should keep records and build archives on best practice with regard to the bargaining process and content, key links, worker feedback, etc.; strengthen long-term follow-up studies and intensive analysis of best practice; and summarize practices and experiences that can be applied elsewhere. The ACFTU will compile a book analysing collective bargaining cases and disseminate it to FTUs. Provincial FTUs should conduct case studies according to their conditions and compile at least two books of case studies on collective bargaining and disseminate them to subordinate unions.